Women, Minorities Scarce in IT Security Field

Profession Does Not Mirror Rest of American Workforce

By , October 11, 2011.
Women, Minorities Scarce in IT Security Field

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espite virtually no unemployment among IT security pros, the scarcity of women, African Americans, Latinos and women is highly evident.

The IT security profession in the United States is heavily white with a disproportionate number of Asians, as compared with the overall workforce, according to an Information Security Media Group analysis of Labor Department employment figures.

Labor Department figures also show that for the third straight quarter, no unemployment exists among information security analysts, an occupation category that includes a number of IT security roles (see Infosec Unemployment Remains Steady at 0%). The sample size is too small to be statistically reliable, but the government numbers, nonetheless, strongly suggests what many employers lament: a critical shortage of skilled IT security personnel exists.

According to the government statistics, the number of IT security analysts is steadily growing, though not necessarily as fast as employers want. In the third quarter, the IT security workforce stood at 47,000, up from 43,000 in the first quarter and 37,000 in the first quarter. That represents an increase of 27 percent over six months.

Whites, who account for about 80 percent of the American workforce, make up 70 percent of the IT security workforce. About 7 percent of those categorized as information security analysts are African Americans; blacks make up about 12 percent of the overall workforce. Latinos make up about 5 percent of the IT security labor force vs. 15 percent of the overall workforce. Women also are underrepresented in the IT security workforce: about 8 percent vs. 45 percent overall.

Alan Paller, director of research at the SANS Institute, explains that many IT security personnel came from the armed forces, and like pilots, who received their flight training in the military, are overwhelmingly white men.

Carolyn Leighton, founder and chairwoman of the professional group Women in Technology International, says there are so many reasons why more women aren't in IT security, "starting with young girls in school often being pushed away from interest in computers by teachers, the male model of teaching some of the topic areas required for IT; and right up there at the top: people hire in their own image - most of the IT hiring is by men."

The demographics of the cybersecurity workforce also reflect, in general, the imbalance found in other scientific and technical fields, with the exception of women in medicine and, to a lesser extent, IT (BLS figures show that women represent about half of pharmacists, one-third of physicians and one-quarter of IT professionals).

Great Source of the Highly Qualified Overlooked

Why so? "Social equity and the relative scarcity of women and persons of color, (which) means that we must be overlooking a great source of highly qualified people that can help us address the shortage problem," says Franklin Reeder, cofounder and board member of the Center for Internet Security, which sponsor the U.S. Cyberchallenge, an initiative aimed at encouraging high school and college students to enter the IT security field.

Karen Evans, national director of the U.S. Cyber Challenge, says the organization is attempting to find the right type of IT security challenges to attract more underrepresented populations into the field. "In our case, this means going to back to the high school/middle-school levels where many of these of the decisions are made and/or taught about what a child can or can't do. We are attempting challenges in these areas to make the field fund and attract to both the students and parents."

Asians make up more than 20 percent of the information security analysts occupation category, even though the group comprises only 5 percent of the overall American workforce. The government data do not differentiate American citizens, foreigners on work visas or, for that matter, those working in the country illegally.

For more than a decade, many Asian Indians - whether born here or in India - have entered the U.S. IT workforce, which has fed the ranks of the IT security labor force. According to the Migration Policy Institute, a nonpartisan think tank, about one-quarter of Indian-born men are employed in information technology occupations in the United States.

Follow Eric Chabrow on Twitter: @GovInfoSecurity

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